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11/5/20

The One Who Knocks InfInITy 2k20 Division 2 Problem solution

 Problem Statement-

“I am not in danger, Skyler. I am the danger. A guy opens his door and gets shot, and you think that of me? No! I am the one who knocks!”

Skyler fears Walter and ponders escaping to Colorado. Walter wants to clean his lab as soon as possible and then go back home to his wife.

In order clean his lab, he has to achieve cleaning level of lab as Y. The current cleaning level of the lab is X.

He must choose one positive odd integer a and one positive even integer b. Note that, he cannot change a or b once he starts cleaning.

He can perform any one of the following operations for one round of cleaning:

  1. Replace X with X+a.
  2. Replace X with Xb.

Find minimum number of rounds (possibly zero) to make lab clean.

Input:

  • First line will contain T, number of test cases. T testcases follow :
  • Each test case contains two space separated integers X,Y.

Output:

For each test case, output an integer denoting minimum number of rounds to clean the lab.

Constraints

  • 1T105
  • |X|,|Y|109

Sample Input:

3
0 5
4 -5
0 10000001

Sample Output:

1
2
1

EXPLANATION:

  • For the first testcase, you can convert X to Y by choosing a=5 and b=2.
    It will cost minimum of 1 cleaning round. You can select any other combination of a,b satisfying above condition but will take minimum of 1 cleaning round in any case.

  • For the second testcase, you can convert X to Y by choosing a=1 and b=10. In first round they will replace X to X+a and then in second round replace to Xb. You can perform only one operation in one round.


Solution-

  • When X>Y, it will take 1 operation if the difference is even, else 2.
  • When X<Y, it will take 1 operation when difference is odd2 when difference is even but not divisible by 4 else 3.
  • When X=Y, it will take 0 operation.


code solution-



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