Skip to main content

bubble sort algorithm in c++ || Bubble sort explained || sinking sort

 Bubble sort-

Bubble sort, sometimes referred to as sinking sort, is a simple sorting algorithm that repeatedly steps through the list, compares adjacent elements, and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. The pass of the list is repeated until the list is sorted.

Why bubble sort is called “bubble” sort? The “bubble” sort is called so because the list elements with greater value than their surrounding elements “bubble” towards the end of the list. For example, after first pass, the largest element is bubbled towards the right most position.


at the end of i th pass, we have the i th largest element placed at its correct place.
look the example below.




Example: 
First Pass: 
5 1 4 2 8 ) –> ( 1 5 4 2 8 )

( 1 5 4 2 8 ) –>  ( 1 4 5 2 8 )

( 1 4 5 2 8 ) –>  ( 1 4 2 5 8 )

( 1 4 2 5 8 ) –> ( 1 4 2 5 8 )

1st largest placed at the correct place.

Second Pass: 

1 4 2 5 8 ) –> ( 1 4 2 5 8 ) 
( 1 4 2 5 8 ) –> ( 1 2 4 5 8 )
( 1 2 4 5 8 ) –> ( 1 2 4 5 8 ) 
( 1 2 4 5 8 ) –>  ( 1 2 4 5 8 )
second largest placed at correct place.

Third Pass: 
1 2 4 5 8 ) –> ( 1 2 4 5 8 ) 
( 1 2 4 5 8 ) –> ( 1 2 4 5 8 ) 
( 1 2 4 5 8 ) –> ( 1 2 4 5 8 ) 
( 1 2 4 5 8 ) –> ( 1 2 4 5 8 ) 
third largest placed at correct place.
and so on.

code for your referance.



Comments

Popular posts from this blog

codeforces rating system | Codeforces rating Newbie to Legendary Grandmaster

 Codeforces rating system | Codeforces rating Newbie to Legendary Grandmaster- Codeforces is one of the most popular platforms for competitive programmers and  codeforces rating matters a lot  .  Competitive Programming  teaches you to find the easiest solution in the quickest possible way. CP enhances your problem-solving and debugging skills giving you real-time fun. It's brain-sport. As you start solving harder and harder problems in live-contests your analytical and rational thinking intensifies. To have a good codeforces profile makes a good impression on the interviewer. If you have a good  codeforces profile so it is very easy to get a referral for product base company like amazon, google , facebook etc.So in this blog I have explained everything about codeforces rating system. What are different titles on codeforces- based on rating codeforces divide rating into 10 part. Newbie Pupil Specialist Expert Candidate Codemaster Master International Master Grandmaster Internat

Vaccine Distribution Codechef December Long challenge solution 2020

 Vaccine Distribution  Codechef December Long challenge solution 2020- This Problem vaccine distribution is taken from December long challenge 2020. lets read problem statement. Problem statement- Finally, a COVID vaccine is out on the market and the Chefland government has asked you to form a plan to distribute it to the public as soon as possible. There are a total of  N N  people with ages  a 1 , a 2 , … , a N a 1 , a 2 , … , a N . There is only one hospital where vaccination is done and it is only possible to vaccinate up to  D D  people per day. Anyone whose age is  ≥ 80 ≥ 80  or  ≤ 9 ≤ 9  is considered to be  at risk . On each day, you may not vaccinate both a person who is at risk and a person who is not at risk. Find the smallest number of days needed to vaccinate everyone. Input The first line of the input contains a single integer  T T  denoting the number of test cases. The description of  T T  test cases follows. The first line of each test case contains two space-separ

Merge Two sorted array Without Extra Space

Problem statement-  Given two sorted arrays arr1[] and arr2[] of sizes N and M in non-decreasing order. Merge them in sorted order without using any extra space. Modify arr1 so that it contains the first N elements and modify arr2 so that it contains the last M elements.    Example 1: Input:  N = 4, arr1[] = [1 3 5 7]  M = 5, arr2[] = [0 2 6 8 9] Output:  arr1[] = [0 1 2 3] arr2[] = [5 6 7 8 9] Explanation: After merging the two  non-decreasing arrays, we get,  0 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9.   Example 2: Input:  N = 2, arr1[] = [10, 12]  M = 3, arr2[] = [5 18 20] Output:  arr1[] = [5 10] arr2[] = [12 18 20] Explanation: After merging two sorted arrays  we get 5 10 12 18 20. Your Task: You don't need to read input or print anything. You only need to complete the function merge() that takes arr1, arr2, N and M as input parameters and modifies them in-place so that they look like the sorted merged array when concatenated. Expected Time Complexity:  O((n+m) log(n+m)) Expected Auxilliary Space: O(1